In the modern era, our leaders debate the use of torture in increasingly complicated conflicts all over the world, but hundreds of years ago, there was no discussion at all — torture was the way to go, and it was brutal.

As much as we humans claim to strive for peace, it turns out that we are insanely good at crating torture devices. Here are some of the worst.

1. Brazen Bull

Phalaris, the tyrant of Akragas, Sicily, had this imaginatively brutal torture device made according to his design. Criminals were placed inside the bull made entirely of bronze, and a fire was lit underneath it, effectively cooking them on a scorching metal surface. He even had it tricked out with a mechanism that turned victims’ screams into bull sounds.