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Large Hadron Collider gets a “Heart Transplant” to boost the Hunt for Sub-Atomic Particles

The Scientists at the LHC (Large Hadron Collider) today carried out a massive-scale operation to replace one of the key components in world’s biggest and important scientific experiment.

The complicated procedure took place 330ft (100m) beneath the land and is the major upgrade to the machine that has the potential to revolutionize the world.

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The engineers at LHC installed a new pixel detector in machine’s CMS (Compact Muon Solenoid) experiment, works as an advanced camera to capture the details and movements of sub-atomic particles. The said sensor is supposedly believed to enhance the search for new sub-atomic particles.

The CMS is amongst the four primary particle detectors that are fixed along the Hadron Collider’s rounded tunnel. It collects above 10 million GB of data since the year it was installed.

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The Large Hadron Collider is a 27 KM (17 Mile) long particle accelerator that pushes the particle beams at the speed that is equivalent to the light speed and then smashes them together; the scientist can then look for any signs of new physical phenomena that occur in the debris of the smashed particles. They hope to find new sub-atomic particles in the wreckage.

It is theoretically believed that Large Hadron Collider can help scientists understand how the universe works and locate the solution for the mysterious – How our universe came to be or how it was formed?

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In LHC, more than 1,200 dipolar magnets steer the rays in the 27 Kilometer-long rounded tunnel, built under the French-Swiss border. At a given period, the beam crosses and the collision of particles take place. The experiments like CMS record such outcomes for all the collisions generating more than million gigabytes of data per year.

The pixel detector is the key component of CMS; it unties and reconstructs the path of the particles after they emerge again from the collision. Better pixel detector will generate more accurate CMS’ readings. The technical coordinator, CMS Experiment, Austin Ball says, “It’s like substituting a 66-megapixel camera for a 124-megapixel camera.”

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